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Sunday, February 2, 2020 | History

4 edition of Report on human rights practices in countries receiving U.S. aid found in the catalog.

Report on human rights practices in countries receiving U.S. aid

United States. Department of State.

Report on human rights practices in countries receiving U.S. aid

report

by United States. Department of State.

  • 305 Want to read
  • 10 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Civil rights,
  • Human rights

  • Edition Notes

    At head of title: 96th Congress, 1st session. Joint committee print.

    Statementsubmitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, and Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, by the Department of State.
    ContributionsUnited States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations., United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsJC571 .U48 1979
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 706 p. ;
    Number of Pages706
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4063611M
    LC Control Number79601351

    The most basic claim of arms sales advocates is that U. The DPRK rejected the findings. Also published as Annuaire africain de droit international. The failure of law enforcement has contributed to the emergence of armed citizen self-defense groups in several parts of the country.

    SAM's data is sourced in multiple articles including two about the Trump Administration's proposed firearms export rule changes and one about U. A Fast Track country has a "favorable human rights record, including no serious or systemic problems in the country's security forces and no widespread problems with impunity. Finally, advocates argue that arms sales provide a boon to the U. Instead of turning first to arms sales, which are likely to inflame tensions in hot spots like the Pacific Rim or the Middle East, the United States should rely more heavily on diplomacy. Some individuals being waterboarded, who may have had preexisting cardiac or respiratory disease, have died under the method.

    Part I provides a backdrop for the entire work by describing human rights situations in Ethiopia, Namibia, Nigeria, and Senegal, and discussing strategies with which non-governmental organizations NGOs promote and protect human rights in Africa. Unfortunately, there are no hard data on the precise relationship between many of these risk factors and the probability of negative outcomes. The inherent difficulty of negotiating while arming one side is obvious today with respect to North and South Korea. Thirty-five nations 21 percent scored in the highest-risk category on at least two metrics, and 72 43 percent were in the highest-risk category on at least one of the five measures.


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Report on human rights practices in countries receiving U.S. aid book

Thanks to its geography, friendly and weak neighbors, large and dynamic economy, and secure nuclear arsenal, the United States faces very few significant threats. Third, the negative and unwanted consequences of arms sales are more common and more dangerous than most realize.

The first of these — blowback — occurs when a former ally turns into an adversary and uses the weapons against the United States. For example, the United States ranks Cuba a country with which the U. Jennifer Erickson, for example, found that recipients of major conventional weapons are 70 percent more likely to engage in internal conflicts than other states.

Yet economists have long observed that countries that have an abundance of wealth from natural resources, like oil or diamonds, tend to be more unequal, less developed and more impoverished, as the chart below shows.

Risky Business: The Role of Arms Sales in U.S. Foreign Policy

Our data fact shows the arms sales notifications for governments with questionable human rights records that are acquiring the very weapons that the proposed rule changes would cover, including military-style small arms. In the most impoverished country in the hemisphere, adults regularly view children as economic commodities, which make them highly vulnerable to the perils of trafficking.

Human rights in North Korea

As long as these nations are embargoed, arms sales will remain an irrelevant option for exerting influence. Although the Supreme Court ruled in that all states must provide emergency contraception and access to abortion for rape victims, many women and girls face serious barriers accessing abortions after sexual violence, including official intimidation.

Western countries stopped giving aid to Taya after his government became too politically repressive, but he managed to get the taps turned on again by becoming one of the few Arab nations to recognize Israel. Department of Commerce regarding its proposed rule to transfer certain firearms, guns, ammunition, and related parts from State's oversight to its own controls.

Officials should look for other ways to conduct foreign policy in situations where arms sales have been common tactics — such as when the United States negotiates access to military bases or seeks cooperation in the war on terror.

April 30, This week's feature analyzes recently obtained data on the Defense Department's counter-drug assistance in fiscal years and The arms sales process should also be revised in order to ensure that all sales receive more thorough scrutiny than has been the case to date.

Forecasting how weapons will be used, especially over the course of decades, is difficult, but history provides evidence of the factors that make negative outcomes more likely. Constitutional protections[ edit ] The constitution enacted in is comprehensive, however more systems need to be put in place before the rights detailed in the constitution can be said to be guaranteed, for example the right to private property, health, and education is still not realised for many, and there is inefficient delivery of the right to a hearing and defence, free consent to marriage, and freedom to assemble, [6] as detailed below.

Consider a case like the Syrian civil war or the many cases during the Cold War in which the United States wanted to support rebels and freedom fighters against oppressive governments. However, in practice demonstrations are allowed without the advanced notifications, and the yard regulation is rarely enforced.

Second, arms sales can also prolong and intensify ongoing conflicts and erode rather than promote regional stability. SAM's security assistance data is utilized in a piece that highlights the dangers emanating from fraud, waste, and abuse in U.

Instead of turning first to arms sales, which are likely to inflame tensions in hot spots like the Pacific Rim or the Middle East, the United States should rely more heavily on diplomacy. Finally, by halting the sales of weapons the United States will decrease the risk of entanglement in conflicts that do not directly involve American security.Jul 27,  · Combating Human Trafficking in the Western Hemisphere: The Need for Increased NGO Involvement Some critics of the TIP report argue that some countries in the region attempt to meet TIP requirements out of fear of receiving a low rank in the compilation’s annual report and therefore do not implement measures specific to the nature and.

Meet The U.S. Comptroller General. Gene L. Dodaro is the eighth Comptroller General of the United States and head of GAO. As Comptroller General, Mr. Dodaro leads GAO and helps oversee the hundreds of reports and testimonies that GAO provides each year to various committees and individual Members of Congress.

The nations named in the World Report of the New-York based rights group, Human Rights Watch, range from Nigeria in the west, through Central Africa and the Great Lakes region to Somalia in.

USAID is the world's premier international development agency and a catalytic actor driving development results. USAID's work advances U.S.

national security and economic prosperity, demonstrates American generosity, and promotes a path to recipient self-reliance and resilience.

Weekly Monitor

A State Department report on human rights in Algeria noted that “principal human rights problems included restrictions on freedom of assembly and association” and cited reports of. Does Foreign Aid Work?

Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance Congressional Research Service 2 federal agencies provide foreign assistance in some form,8 this report focuses on the three agencies that have primary policy authority and implementation responsibility for U.S.

foreignCited by: 4.